“Viticulture and Climate Change in Europe”
Clim4Vitis White Paper

At the end of project activities, the Clim4Vitis consortium will deliver a white paper on viticulture and climate change as an exploitable product for outlining the guidelines of future viticulture, representing a useful resource for new research and policy decisions.

The book is composed of seven chapters, from introduction to conclusions, and it provides a focus on the current conditions of European viticulture, by analyzing the impacts of climate change on grapevine growth, the current tools for predicting those impacts, and guidelines for future solutions and adaptation strategies to reduce the vulnerability of European viticulture to climate change. The document is a framework of Clim4Vitis results and dissemination derived from the interesting discussions addressed among scientists, stakeholders and target audience in the several workshops organized during the project. All the most relevant aspects and the knowledge exchanges obtained during these meetings contributed to improve the understanding of the climate change impacts on viticulture and to focus the attention on the need to increase the sustainability of future viticulture.

For this reason, the Clim4Vitis consortium provides in this document an overview of some final recommendations and future challenges that the viticultural sector will have to face up, such as the reduction of climate and crop model uncertainties, the improvement of adaptation strategies and the importance to find a meeting point between research (scientists) and viticulture (winegrowers), with a common purpose to cope with climate change.

For more information, please click here.

 

Vineyard adaptation strategies in a changing climate: guidelines for winegrowers

Guidelines for adaptation strategies proposed in Clim4Vitis White Paper

Clim4Vitis white paper includes, in chapter 4, a framework of recommended adaptation strategies guidelines for improving vineyard management under climate change.

Short-term adaptation measures are the first type of the proposed strategies, which are expected to be applied during the closer upcoming seasons. These strategies include canopy management (e.g. reduction of leaf area to minimize crop water consumption), protection against extreme heat and sunburns (e.g. application of exogenous compound for protecting leaves), supplemental irrigation (e.g. use of drip irrigation and plant water indicators for improving water distribution scheduling), pest and disease control (e.g. use of innovative technologies for increasing the monitoring of pest and diseases and to reduce the impact of new and native species), and soil management (e.g. reduction of soil erosion through the use of the inter-row cover crops).

On the other hand, the Clim4Vitis consortium proposes also possible solutions that are expected to provide a reducing effect of climate change on a timescale of several decades: the long-term adaptation strategies. In this case, the change in training systems for avoiding the occurrence of grape ripening under high-temperature conditions, the selection of drought-resistant scion-rootstocks and varieties, and the extreme solution of vineyard relocation towards higher latitudes and altitudes are some of the strategies that can be adopted by winegrowers for reducing future viticulture vulnerability.

Based on the current knowledge on viticulture and climate change issues, on the outcomes from the Clim4Vitis actions and the needs of the winegrowers, the guidelines of adaptation strategies represent new approaches on which to adapt the current viticulture for reducing the impact of climate change by maintaining a sustainable wine production.

In order to disseminate these results and to reach a much wider audience, the Clim4Vitis consortium prepared a creative short movie on this particular topic. The video is available on the project website and other communication channels.

Check out the video here.

The Clim4Vitis Open Day will be held on the 22nd of November 2021 at UTAD, Vila Real, Portugal. In this event, wine companies and scientists will share knowledge and outline some of the most important challenges that the viticultural & winemaking sector is facing and will have to respond to during the next few decades, particularly those driven by changing climates and weather extremes. To enrich this discussion, world-renowned scientists were invited. The participation of European and Portuguese agencies will also provide some insights into future funding opportunities to warrant the sustainability of this line of research. This event will be live-streamed in order to warrant more effective dissemination, also taking into account some likely limitations due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

On the 23rd of November, an International Workshop at UTAD will also be organized by the Clim4Vitis consortium, which will present some relevant scientific results from the research conducted by the different partner units within the framework of Clim4Vitis. This workshop will be followed by an open debate. The whole event will also be live-streamed.

A short course on climate change adaptation for European viticulture will be organized on the 25th of November at UTAD, devoted to students, researchers, technicians and farmers.

For more information, please click here.

Clim4Vitis in the journals and in the news

Clim4Vitis relevant scientific publications (from March 2021):

  1. Santos, J. A., Yang, C., Fraga, H., Malheiro, A. C., Moutinho-Pereira, J., Dinis, L. T., Correia, C., Moriondo, M., Bindi, M., Leolini, L., Dibari, C., Costafreda-Aumedes, S., Bartoloni, N., Kartschall, T., Menz, C., Molitor, D., Junk, J., Beyer, M. Schultz, H. R. (2021). Short-term adaptation of European viticulture to climate change: an overview from the H2020 Clim4Vitis action: Original language of the article: English. IVES Technical Reviews, vine and wine.
  2. Santos, J. A., Yang, C., Fraga, H., Malheiro, A. C., Moutinho-Pereira, J., Dinis, L. T., Correia, C., Moriondo, M., Bindi, M., Leolini, L., Dibari, C., Costafreda-Aumedes, S., Bartoloni, N., Kartschall, T., Menz, C., Molitor, D., Junk, J., Beyer, M. Schultz, H. R. (2021). Long-term adaptation of European viticulture to climate change: an overview from the H2020 Clim4Vitis action: Original language of the article: English. IVES Technical Reviews, vine and wine.
  3. Yang, C., Menz, C., Fraga, H., Reis, S., Machado, N., Malheiro, A. C., & Santos, J. A. (2021). Simultaneous Calibration of Grapevine Phenology and Yield with a Soil–Plant–Atmosphere System Model Using the Frequentist Method. Agronomy,11 (8), 1659.
  4. Andrade, C., Fonseca, A., Santos, J. A. (2021). Are Land Use Options in Viticulture and Oliviculture in Agreement with Bioclimatic Shifts in Portugal? In Land, 10 (8), 869.
  5. Andrade, A., Contente, J., Santos, J. A. (2021). Climate Change Projections of Aridity Conditions in the Iberian Peninsula, in Water, 13 (15), 2035.
  6. Andrade, A., Contente, J., Santos, J. A. (2021). Climate Change Projections of Dry and Wet Events in Iberia Based on the WASP-Index, in Climate, 9 (6), 94.
  7. Reis, S., Martins, J., Gonçalves, F., Carlos, C., Santos, J. A. (2021). European grapevine moth in the Douro region: voltinism and climatic scenarios, in OENO One, 55 (2).
  8. Martins, J.,Fraga, H., Fonseca, A., Santos, J.A. (2021). Climate Projectins for Precipitation and Temperature Indicators in the Douro Wine Region: The Importance of Bias Correction, in Agronomy, 11 (5), 990.
  9. Bernardo, S., Dinis., L. T., Luzio, A., Machado, N., Vives-Peris, V., López-Climent, M. F., Gómez-Cademas, A., Zacarías, L., Rodrigo, M. J., Malheiro, A. C., Correira, C., Moutinho-Pereira, J. (2021). Particle film technology modulates xanthophyll cycle and photochemical dynamics of grapevines grown in the Douro Valley, in Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 162, 647-655.
  10. Bernardo, S., Dinis., L.-T., Luzio, A., Machado, N., Gonçalves, A., Vives-Peris, V., Pitarch-Bielsa, M., López-Climent, M. F., Gómez-Cademas, Malheiro, A. C., Correira, C., Gómez-Cademas, A., Moutinho-Pereira, J. (2021). Optimising grapevine summer stress responses and hormonal balance by applying kaolin in two Portuguese Demarcated Regions, in OENO One, 55 (1).
  11. Luzio, A., Bernardo, S., Correia, C., Moutinho-Pereira, Dinis, L.-T. (2021). Phytochemical screening and antioxidant activity on berry, skin, pulp and seed from seven red Mediterranean grapevine varieties (Vitis vinifera L.) treated with kaolin foliar sunscreen, in Scientia Horticulturae, 281.

Check out more at: https://clim4vitis.eu/relevant-publications/

www.clim4vitis.eu

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement nº 810176. This document reflects only the author’s view and the Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.


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